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A preoperative physical examination, or pre-op, is typically performed before a surgery at a surgeon’s request to ensure that a patient is physically healthy enough to undergo anesthesia and surgery safely. A preoperative evaluation generally includes a physical examination, lung function assessment, cardiac evaluation, and any other necessary laboratory tests. A preoperative physical examination begins by gathering basic health related information on the patient like pre-existing conditions, patient medical history, and any current medications. The doctor may ask a series of medical questions to get a better understanding of the patient’s current physical condition and overall health in order to make the safest decisions for surgery.